WHAT IS a LYMPHOEDEMA?
The lymphoedema is a chronic dysfunction of the lymphatic circulatory system which can be established in primary form (without identifiable cause) or either secondary form to surgical interventions (for example, postmastectomy lymphoedema) or other type of pathologies.
In cases of lower involvement, the lymphoedema can be manifested as an oedema (inflammation by fluid retention) of slow occurrence on the backs of the foot or hand, which does not improve totally with rest and which is not painful. On the opposite side, in the most severe cases, may develop elephantiasis of the extremity, which is very uncommon in our social environment.
The Angiology and Vascular Surgery specialist will achieve the diagnosis without the need of invasive tests in most of the cases. The treatment is aimed to the oedema intensive elimination (high containment rates, manual and mechanical lymphatic drainage with pneumatic camera and flowave, etc.) and the prevention of complications such as erysipela, cellulitis, lymphangitis or mycosis, amongst the most common.